ala wai canal 1920 to 1928

Castles is the south shore's most famous big-wave surf site. A second-reef site, it does not break unless wave heights are 10 feet or greater. In 1930, Duke Kahanamoku caught a now-legendary wave here and rode it standing all the way to Waikiki Beach. Also known as Kalehuawehe. (from John Clark's Hawai'i Place Names)


This spot was formerly called Kalehuawehe. The surf break Castles is named after the Samuel Northrup Castle family's three-story beachfront home, Kainalu. It was a prominent landmark in Waikiki as well as the landmark for the takeoff at Castles. The mansion was razed in 1958 to build the Elk's Club

Castle arrived in Hawai‘i as a missionary in 1837. He left the mission and turned to business when he saw the 'opportunities' afford by the colonizing of Hawai'i. With Amos Cooke, he founded Castle and Cooke Company in 1851, which continues to be one of Hawaii's largest corporations that has subsidaries all over

The photo at left shows the Castle estate Kainalu. Note the two Chinese servants standing attentively behind the party table. Ironically, or maybe not, these are the type of activities heavily promoted by today's fancy hotels, offering the middle-classes (and workers with decent paying jobs) the opportunity to ape the rich.